Tag Archives: pregnancy symptoms
May it be for personal preferences, cultural beliefs, or social pressures, parents always have varied reasons for deciding on their upcoming babies’ gender. Perhaps the most ancient technique to determine a baby’s gender is the Chinese birth calendar.
Ever since, the Chinese culture has always preferred a male gender because he can carry the family’s surname throughout his lifetime, while a girl cannot. When a girl marries, she is considered to be her husband’s family member. Besides, a boy is much stronger and can be expected to work harder than a girl. In the ancient times, it was believed that a boy’s ancestors were hunters. And, because of this particular preference, the ancient Chinese devised a birth calendar or gender prediction chart to guide couples who want to have a baby. The chart works by finding the mother’s age based on the Chinese lunar calendar and the month of her conception; wherever the intersection of these two points fall shows the gender of the baby. The mother’s age is computed as her current age plus one more extra year, which represents the time she was in her own mother’s womb.
This birth calendar was formed after many years of collected data and is said to be a hundred percent accurate. Evidence of such a calendar, which was discovered on a scroll more than seven centuries ago, is now kept at the Beijing Institute of Science. Even up to the present, the Chinese birth calendar is used by many. Not a few non-Chinese couples also use this calendar because some people testified to its accuracy.
Aside from the Chinese gender prediction chart, there are the age-old tales and myths that have been passed on from one generation to the next. One of the prevailing myths says that the baby’s gender depends on the amount of morning sickness a woman suffers during pregnancy. Accuracy of these tales, however, still remains to be seen.
Meanwhile, a couple can do some practical methods of deciding on their baby’s gender by scheduling their sexual intercourse according to the woman’s ovulation period. If they want a boy, it is advisable to engage in sexual intercourse as early as 24 hours before ovulation to no more than 12 hours after ovulation because during this period the Y chromosomes, which are smaller, weaker, but faster, tend to get to the egg first. If the couple, however, decides for a girl, they must have their sexual intercourse three days or more before ovulation because the X chromosomes, which are bigger, stronger, but slower, will now have accumulated when the egg is released, while the Y chromosomes will have died, considering its weak characteristic. Learn more about pregnancy symptoms as well to assist you in the future.
Other possible method that a couple may try is douching the vaginal environment with water and vinegar shortly before intercourse to make it more acidic and kill the weaker Y chromosomes first, leaving a plentiful amount of the X chromosomes, and thus, favoring a baby girl; or, they may douche it with water and baking soda to make the environment more alkaline and favor for a baby boy.
In addition, position in sexual intercourse and depth of penetration matter in determining the baby’s gender. If the couple wants to have a boy, a deep penetration is advisable because it deposits the sperm closer to the egg, allowing the faster chromosomes the advantage of fertilizing the egg first. A shallow penetration favors for a baby girl. Also, a high sperm counts is more likely to favor for a boy.
Having orgasms during sexual intercourse would likely produce a baby boy because the contraction that goes with an orgasm pushes the sperm up and into the cervix, allowing the male chromosomes the advantage of fertilizing the egg first. Besides, orgasms stimulate the body to produce substances that make the vaginal environment more alkaline. No orgasm is likely to produce a baby girl.
On the other hand, couples may also submit themselves to medical tests for safe and surer results. Perhaps there is nothing more accurate than the medical experts’ advice or findings. Ultrasound is seen to be one of the most frequently used, safe, and precise computerized technique that can be done at any stage of pregnancy to find out a baby’s gender. It would be most accurate, however, when the ultrasound is done between the eighteenth and twenty-sixth week of pregnancy.
A couple may also try amniocentesis, a prenatal diagnostic test done on a pregnant woman, particularly on one who is at higher risk of chromosomal abnormalities like Down syndrome. Through the same test, a baby’s gender can also be determined.
Choosing a doctor and a place to give birth are part of the entire preparation process of having a baby. Even as early as the onset of pregnancy when pregnancy symptoms are visible, many women concern themselves on who will attend to them, where to find the appropriate care provider, and on how to obtain the best possible care for themselves and for their upcoming babies. Most often, family members, relatives, and friends may give varied suggestions and recommendations, but the best choice usually depends on what makes the pregnant woman feel most comfortable. A woman may feel at ease and readily opens up to a care provider who respects her wishes, shares the same philosophy, or understands and supports her preference of childbirth and who is ready to help her fulfil such preference. At the same time, the place to give birth matters a lot for most, if not all, expectant women. A woman may prefer a place where she feels safe and comfortable with the quality of service she is given, including her relationship with the care givers; properly informed about the process she has to undertake, and; allowed to participate in the decision-making about care. In order to obtain all these, it is necessary to do some inquiries about both the care provider and the place of birth.
For care providers, she may choose from among an obstetrician/gynaecologist, a family doctor, a certified nurse or midwife, or a doula. All of these professionals, except a doula, are certified to give prenatal care and assistance in giving birth.
A doula may not provide a type of prenatal care, but she is trained in giving non-medical support to pregnant women and their families during pregnancy, childbirth, and even after birth. Because a doula understands all aspects of birth, she can advise the pregnant woman about the intricacies of parenthood and the different aspects of child care. She may even suggest about breastfeeding. Although a doula is not trained to handle women with high risk pregnancies, she is preferred by many women to help them through natural childbirth, home birth, or water birth because of her expertise in the field.
An obstetrician/gynaecologist is professionally trained in the field of prenatal care, high-risk pregnancy, labour, birth, and after childbirth care. He or she is an expert in handling both normal and complicated pregnancies. Besides, an OB/GYN is certified to diagnose and treat gynaecological disorders since he or she has a specialized study in the medical field of obstetrics and gynaecology. An obstetrician normally recommends delivering babies in a hospital where access to medical intervention is immediately accessible.
However, a pregnant woman may not be able to establish a consistent relationship with an OB/GYN because this practitioner normally works with a group, which means she may be seeing different doctors every time she goes in for an appointment. Besides, many of the OB/GYN are male and may not fully understand pregnancy from a woman’s perspective, consequently making her feel uncomfortable about discussing personal circumstances.
On the other hand, a woman may also choose a family physician (FP) to assist in her pregnancy. Since a family physician is already well-acquainted with the medical and health history of the family, he or she must have established a certain personal relationship and gained the confidence of family members. The FP becomes a friend who knows the pregnant woman well, in whom the latter can confide her personal circumstances, and from whom she can expect emotional support. Besides, a pregnant woman can expect her family physician to give her detailed information on her clinical status and care, and assist her in labour and delivery in a hospital since she is trained in this field.
Aside from an OB/GYN and an FP, a woman may opt for the services of a midwife, who is professionally trained to give a thorough care especially for low-risk pregnancies, childbirth, and postpartum. A midwife may perform delivery either in a hospital, at a birthing centre, or at home, depending on the pregnant woman’s preference. Giving birth at home for low-risk pregnancy allows the woman to labour and deliver in a private and comfortable surrounding without the routine interruption of hospital staff.
Home birth, however, is contested by some sectors on the premise that it is not safe because of the lack of facilities that a hospital has.
Motherhood will bring dramatic and wonderful changes in your life. So whether it is your first time to get pregnant or your second time, each pregnancy brings delight knowing that a human being, a baby, is growing inside your womb. And as a mother, we know that the second pregnancy will display different pregnancy symptoms as compared to the first pregnancy.
Although every pregnancy is different, the second pregnancy may not going to be as difficult as the first for the mother already knows what she would go through in those exciting nine months. She, more or less, already knows what to expect and is already aware of the required preparation during pregnancy and also the symptoms of pregnancy.
Differences of second pregnancy
Some woman will discover that the second pregnancy symptoms will normally different from their first. Since their body has already gone through childbirth, the level of fatigue may be different from what they went through when they carried their first child especially that they are also taking care of their first born while being pregnant.
Some of the biggest challenges of becoming pregnant with your second child is how to handle and manage your time between your work, family, household, and your pregnancy. You may be too preoccupied to properly take care of your health. This could also a reason for anxiety for most women. To eliminate this feeling, you can seek both physical and emotional assistance from your partner.
For second-time moms, below are the three changes that come along with the second pregnancy:
1. The baby moves sooner. Other many differences that a mother will notices is that her baby will start moving a bit sooner as compared to first time. Generally, a first timer mom would feel the baby start kicking on the fifth month but for second-timers, the kicking and moving can be felt in as early as 4 months. This could also be attributed to her knowledge on that her baby is moving inside of her and she can feels it, so she can easily recognize the movements and kicks.
2. You tummy will start to enlarge one month sooner. After giving birth to your first baby, the uterus does not shrink to its original size resulting to your belly expanding immediately.
3. You will now carry the baby in your lower abdomen. This is a result of your first pregnancy. When you first got pregnant, your muscles around your abdominal become weaken. This is nothing to be worried about, though. Carrying your child lower has its upsides and downsides as well. The good thing about this is that it allows you to breathe easily and allows you to also eat comfortably; however, this would make you frequent your visits to the rest room. Most women notice they have to urinate more urgently and frequently over the course of their second pregnancy.
Well now let’s hope that the third pregnancy will yield the same pregnancy symptoms as the first and the second!
Pregnancy not only brings a lot of excitement and planning but it also brings along a lot of unexpected things physical as in pregnancy symptoms and also emotionally. A very common bodily change is the red or purplish colored streaks that form on the body. Though these marks can be anywhere on the body but commonly they appear on the belly and the breasts. These marks present signs that your body is getting itself ready to nurture and accommodate the growing life in you.
If you check the photographs of the pregnant women on the media they reflect flawless perfect skin which is free from all marks and blemishes. This is not the true picture as 90% of women get some sort of stretch mark on any part of their body due to pregnancy.
Pregnancy stretch marks or the Striae gravidarum appear or form when the tissue under the top skin layer also known as dermis begin to increase or stretch faster as compared to the upper skin or the epidermis. The length, width and depth of these marks have a lot of variation in them at the time they are formed.
This wear and tear of the tissue form scars or marks on the epidermis which are initially purplish or red in color. Over time these marks tend to fade to a light silvery color. Some marks may appear to be silvery from the beginning and can be visible on any part of the body from the shoulders to the legs.
Pregnancy stretch marks or scars can also be itchy when they start to form also in some cases these stretch marks are so deep that they tend to bleed. If this is the case with you it is suggested that you seek advice from a doctor.
Pregnancy stretch marks can appear on any individual may it be a growing teenager or a body builder who is trying to increase his muscle mass. Even many wives may discover stretch marks on their husband’s body. These marks may be dim or faded and can occur in inconspicuous places. Some of these places can be the lower back where if these marks occur the person having them is not even aware of it. Besides these reasons stretch marks are generally associated with pregnancy.
Genes play a vital role in determining susceptibility of developing or getting stretch marks. Some women may notice them as early as in the first trimester. Other reasons causing stretch marks are Corticosteroids and Cushing’s syndrome.
Pregnancy stretch marks appear on almost 90% pregnant women but some may have more or less chances of having them. For example if your mother or sister has developed stretch marks during their pregnancies you are likely to develop them too. Although there are some measures that can be taken to reduce the number of these stretch marks. Also women who tend to gain to excess weight to quickly are more prone to developing stretching marks. Avoiding unnecessary weight gain means you are leading a healthy lifestyle whether pregnant or not. Though even some pregnant women who are slim after delivery tend to develop stretch marks as well but then in this case hormonal causes may be the reason.
Maintaining a healthy diet is also a hindrance in the way of stretch marks development. In pregnancy eating well is a prerequisite and it is not suggested to eat less to avoid stretch marks. Include anti oxidants and make sure to include healthy fats in your diet. Drinking lots of water will help in keeping the skin moisturized. Also exercising will help in taking care of the skin though do not take up any new exercise without consulting the doctor.
Brushing your skin lightly preferably with a loofah will stimulate blood flow in the skin and prove to e beneficial. Also your breast sizes increase up and support will be needed. Using supportive bras will help in reducing breast marks and will also minimize breast tissue stretching. Though there is no significant proof of it.
Though without significant proof there are many oils and creams present that claim reducing stretch marks on the body. These cosmetical ailments include Aloe vera, olive oil, shea butter, cocoa butter, vitamin E, rose hip oil, centellaasiatica extract which is a natural herm also known as Gotu Kola and retin A.
The pregnancy stretch marks especially on the belly tend to itch and creams help with this. Also pregnancy brings with it in some cases an itch known as pruritus graidarum, if this is the case with you should consult a doctor.
All these cosmetic product should be used externally and if there is any doubt on the side effects of these products you should consult a doctor like Retin A should not be used during pregnancy and breast feeding.
Many testimonials are present against the effectiveness of creams and moisturizing your skin to reduced stretch marks as well. However there are constant researches going on related to different substances such as centaasiatica which is plant based and squalene which is animal based substance also found in olive oil. Also scientific researchers are working on using fibroblasts from the person’s own skin to treat stretch marks.
Many women do not pay much attention at the stretch marks immediately after the birth of the baby however it is said that the result of using anything for stretch marks bears more results if used early rather than years later. Retin A has proven to be effective in reducing scars and marks but it cannot be used during pregnancy because of the potential side effects which are serious.
Use of lasers have also been tried to reduce pregnancy stretch marks and studies are still ongoing. Earlier some laser treatments have left worse scars than before specially if used by inadequately trained operators.
Also some women have opted for mini tummy tucks which smooth the skin of the area and reduce appearance of stretch marks.
Also exercising and getting toned will help in reducing stretch marks though it is not easy to return to pre pregnancy state. Also pregnancy has its effects on the breasts some experience smaller and less firm breast while some experience permanent larger breasts. Also through time some people may notice that their breast round up and stretch marks disappear though the previous firmness is not achieved.
Since pregnancy stretch marks are scars due to tissue stretch it will not tan and will be more visible under a tan. A tanning product may help in reducing it along with saving time under the sun.
Generally pregnancy is considered as a job of raising a child though it is not the case. Pregnancy is also about raising yourself as a parent. Pregnancy is the time through which you are trained as a parent and the nine months are the period that trains you for the role you are to attend further on in life.
The journey from an individual to a parent proves to be life changing. If you are sensitive enough to pay attention to the pregnancy symptoms and cues by the time your baby arrives in the world for you to love and take care of you will be ready for him or her.
The basic aim of pregnancy is to indicate you to slow down. Growing up a baby is physically straining. Your life changes a lot and you are not able to live life on the same pace as you used to. You require more rest, sleep and more time to yourself after your baby has arrived.
Usually women rest a lot especially in the first and last trimester of their pregnancies. This is what will be required even after the baby arrives as you will be willing to cash in your sleep as much as you can before putting in those late night feeding hours.
Also you may require to let go of a lot of activities that you were involved in earlier, such as late night partying. Even during pregnancies most women don’t find the energy in themselves to party and end up at home eating takeaway and going to bed early. Same will be the case once with the baby arrives especially in the first few months when late night baby feeds replace late night parties.
It is evident that life slows down a lot during pregnancy and you have to let go of a lot of things as you lose the energy and desire to do everything that you used to. A woman will know when she’s pregnant when her body starts to display all the common symptoms of pregnancy. But all is not lost as you not only let go of things you also gain time for some. You may let go of netball, running and parties but you may have time now for some extra sleep, yoga and beach walks. Similarly leisure time and independence may seem compromised but it is replaced by the authority of being a parent, having fun family time and cute cuddles first thing in the morning besides strengthening the connection with humanity.
Most women dislike their pregnant body and they would want the body of someone else which is toned and tanned and also completely shapely. Wider shoulders, flatter bums and longer legs are what every women desire. Being pregnant gives you a chance to love your body the way it is. The realization that your body has the tremendous power to nurture, grow and give birth to a child is a refreshing thought. The important thing is not how your body looks rather how well it functions. This is also what a mother wants for her kids to be healthy rather than being body obsessed.
Also during pregnancy you go through some deep and disturbing emotional feelings, another common pregnancy symptoms. At times you may feel like bursting out in tears on some minor issue whereas sometimes you may experience unexplained panic like how you are going to raise a baby and if you will succeed in it.
You also tend to get emotional on different behaviors of your partner. For example being late a few minute may trigger a panic as to how he will commit as a parent if time management is not in his control. Emotions tend to get out of control during pregnancy and this is just the beginning of the journey as a parent. You experience emotions and intensity as never felt before. Teaching your kids how to control their emotion is the greatest gift a parent can give to your kids.
Also during pregnancy caring for the baby includes taking care of oneself. Everything you do whether rest, eat or exercise all actions have their impact on the health and welfare of the baby. This is a job that should be performed diligently and willingly through pregnancy ”taking care of yourself”.
As soon as your baby arrives you will realize that you are too busy with the baby and don’t have time for yourself and this may lead to fatigue and emotio0nal exhaustion. This is a lesson that is learned in pregnancy that you can take good care of the baby only if you take good care of yourself. We advised that it is best to start preparing once your body starts to display pregnancy symptoms.
In the 14 week of pregnancy the weight of the baby is about 25grams or 0.9 ounces and it is about 80 to 89mm length wise. At this stage the neck of the baby is continuously growing thus now moving from its previous resting area on the chest and the head covers almost one third of the whole length.
At the 14 week of pregnancy according to researchers the baby begin to develop impulses in its brain which are corresponded through movements such as grasping, frowning, squinting and grimacing. In some cases at this stage the baby might even be able to suck his own thumb.
At the 14 week of pregnancy the placenta is fully developed and is busy in producing some types of pregnancy hormones. The placenta and its blood vessels are loaded to serve as the life support system for your baby.
Also at this point the umbilical cord is completely formed and ready to serve its purpose. The umbilical cords consist of three tangled blood veins which are covered by a layer of fats. These blood veins are responsible for performing different functions such as the largest vein is responsible for providing the fetus with its required nourishment and oxygen. The other two are responsible for transferring the waste from the fetus and the carbon dioxide to the placenta which is further on processed as waste in the mother’s body. Also the placenta is responsible for transferring antibodies to the fetus which helps it in fighting against the infections that may be developed by the fetus from the mother.
The second trimester of pregnancy is the best period in all since the pregnancy symptoms of the first trimester are over now and also the weight of the baby is not much at this point so a more sound sleep can be achieved and moving around is quite easier at this stage as compared to later on. Your energy level is also known to be at the highest at this stage which should be wisely used in form of light energetic activities such as swimming, light aerobics and walking. Some women however may at this point too continuously suffer from some early pregnancy symptoms such as nausea, if you still feel sick like in the first trimester you should consult your doctor or midwife.
By now the uterus has emerged out of the pelvis and your doctor will now manually check you and your baby through feeling the baby bump and by measuring the length of the area from the top of the uterus to the top of pubic bone. It should measure about 14 cm at the 14th week and from here onwards will increase 1 cm per week. Your belly will look straight at this point of pregnancy.
At the 14 week of pregnancy you will not feel the first movements of the baby externally as they are very little and are not yet very forceful to feel. As soon as your baby develops limbs the movement starts but initially it is not felt by you because of the minute size of the fetus and low strength levels.
Your uterus at this point requires an increased 25% of blood at this point compared to a 2% need before pregnancy. To produce this much blood your heart is pumping harder than ever and your kidneys too are working overtime by a 60% to manage the baby’s waste. Of course to live up to this requirement you will have more cravings for food but healthy eating is the key. You do not require any more calories at this point then you did before getting pregnant.
Also a major concern at this point is if you can fly. If any woman is expecting a healthy, normal baby she can fly up to the 36th week of her pregnancy.
Along with the beginning of this new trimester come new symptoms. The symptoms associated with the first trimester subside by now and nausea and morning sickness are over with. The new pregnancy symptoms at this stage include Constipation, Heartburn, Leg cramps, Piles, Backache and Braxton Hicks contractions.
By relating to the information giving above you can easily check on the progress of your baby’s growth and the growth of your pregnancy. It should however be known that the symptoms and guidelines given above are arranged keeping an average 14 weeks pregnancy in mind though it is also true that every pregnancy is unique and different. This information is general and if any medical advice is needed it is best to consult your doctor. You might want to find out more about pregnancy week by week as well.
Fish Consumption During Pregnancy
Fish is a food that carries high nutritional values such as vitamins, proteins and mineral including Iodine, Omega 3 fatty acids and Vitamin D. Fish consumption during pregnancy will provides vital nutrients in which are essential for the growth and health benefits of you and your baby during pregnancy or during the breast feeding period. A very important ingredient Omega 3 is known to be very useful for the development of the central nervous system of your baby both before and after birth.
Though with essential minerals, the problem with fishes are that they contain high mercury content in some specific types which affect the nervous system of the baby. This result of this is that children normally score less on tests or exams that measure the abilities to learn, memorize and attentiveness. Unborn babies are at a higher risk as their brains are in the process of developing very quickly and are prone to damage.
Mercury formulates naturally in our environment and builds up in some species of fishes in form of methyl mercury. This form of mercury is present in all fishes where some have high proportions and some like the Australian water fishes have it in fewer quantities. Mostly people are not at risk from this mercury and it poses no threats to them but women who are planning pregnancy, or are pregnant, or breast feeding are at risk. Young children that are under the age of 6 are also prone to damage.
According to the Australian Dietary Guidelines one to two meals of fish should be included in your diet on a weekly basis. Only some types of fishes are discouraged to be taken in large amounts as they live long and because they are at the top of the food chain they tend to develop more mercury in themselves. These types include billfish such as marlin, broadbill and swordfish. Also catfish, flake, shark and orange roughly carry high amounts of mercury.
It is advised to women who are planning to get pregnant or are pregnant and for young children under six to limit their fish intake diet to once every fortnight if you are having shark, marlin, swordfish or broadbill. In case you are having orange roughly or catfish you should limit your diet to once a week. Through both the prescribed diets you should take care that no other type of fish is consumed in the period.
Other types of fishes are safe to include in your diet provided two to three servings in a week are taken by breast feeding or pregnant women. A single serving for an adult equals to 150 grams which can be calculated as two pieces of frozen crumbed pieces of fish. For children under six, the serving is of 75 grams which equals to approx 3 fish finger pieces. The fish used in fish fingers is called Hoki or Hake.
However, it is very important to seek medical advice first if in case you’re allergic to fish and moderate your fish consumption during pregnancy – if you display any pregnancy symptoms or confirmed you’re pregnant.
During pregnancy one of the most important factors is the pregnancy foods. It can also be termed as one factor that can be controlled. A healthy diet is also responsible for providing the comfort factor in pregnancy. If women pay considerable attention on their diet, it can reduce or even eliminate to an extent, the elements of fatigue, anemia, heartburn and nausea.
It is also a sign of ensuring that the baby is given a healthy environment to grow in. The baby is completely depended on you to provide essential nutritional needs. This indicates that your own needs are now doubled. Although the concept of “eating for two” is no longer valid, it is however certain that your body requires the nutrient essential for two. Also throughout the pregnancy nutritional requirements of the body change in different phases and you are required to intake specific nutrients in different times.
To assess on what expecting mum’s should eat and what not, the mother should intake food that is double the nutrient instead of double the food intake. The aim is to choose pregnancy foods that are rich in the required nutrients. These foods are known as Super Foods for Pregnancy. Here is a list of some pregnancy foods and the nutrients that they are rich in. These should be a part of your diet preferably on a daily basis.
Almonds are rich in zinc, magnesium, calcium and protein. This nutrient is vital for the development of heart, nervous system and the brain.
Avocados are a rich source of Omega 3. Also the nutrient essential for brain development known as amino acids is present in it. It enhances the production of collagen which is responsible for reducing stretch marks.
Bananas are a rich source of Iodine, foliate, zinc, iron and vitamin B which is good for the growth and development of the body.
Rich in antioxidants, It is considered best for both the baby and the mother as it is also rich in Vitamin C which is required for a healthy immune system.
This is known as a wonder food as it contains 9 nutrients that are considered essential. Protein, fiber and calcium are available in very very large amounts.
Carrots are considered best for eyesight, healthy skin, immunity and for your hair and nails.
Brazil nut contains nutrient that is essential for fertility known as Selenium.
These products act as calcium absorbers which is useful for strong teeth and bones. It also targets at providing energy and healthy blood with protein and Vitamin B12.
DARK GREEN VEGETABLES
A high carrier of Folate, it reduces the chances and risks of birth defects. Leafy vegetables are known to be abundant in vitamin B and C, and dietary fiber. Folate also increases the absorption of iron when taken along with lean protein sources.
Eggs have more protein than chicken itself. It is also known as nature’s vitamin capsule. It is recommended to use fresh eggs always. In pregnancy however runny yolks should be avoided.
FLAX SEED OIL
This is another rich source of Omega 3 and fatty acids required for the development of healthy skin and brain development. Skin and placenta are also benefited.
Lean meat is an iron absorbent source, essential for healthy blood. It reduces chances of Anemia and fatigue. It is considered as fuel for fetal growth.
Zinc is a good source for conception purposes. Iodine and Omega 3 are also found in sea foods such as fish consumption. Iodine is essential for brain IQ development.
A source of protein that is non animal related. Dietary fiber and calcium are also found in tofu. It is also considered a good source of proteins for vegetarians.
It is a rich source of B group vitamins and foliate. It is essential for development and normal growth. It is also a good source of energy eliminating fatigue and is also known as an aid for constipation.
The above are considered the top of the grain pregnancy foods, but however it should be consumed in a control manner and not overdosing on it. Also please be careful if you have any allergic to any of the food mentioned above. You may start having these foods for pregnancy when you start noticing some pregnancy symptoms.
Having a baby is a lifetime experience; you have to do so many small things like setting the nursery, buying cots and prams, deciding on the baby clothes and of course nappies. Another important job is to install a baby capsule in the car and among doing all these things the nine months seem to fly away until one day you are ready to go the hospital and also a hospital bag.
Before going to the hospital another requirement that is to be completed is the preparation of the hospital bag. Having a list ready prior to setting the hospital bag is always helpful as you can easily forget anything important at the last moment.
So to avoid last moment hassle and missing things back home here is a guide of the items that would be needed in the hospital and is essential to pack in your hospital bag before you leave.
Hospital Bag Checklist:
Before delivery you will require these things in the hospital.
- Your medical papers, you will require all papers that are needed in the administration paperwork such as your Medicare card, birth plan, your private health fund card, any other related document that is necessary and a folder to keep them all safe in.
- A time passer, although some women get over labor very instantly and all is over with before they could even say “epidural”, however this is not the case with everyone. You may require staying in the ward for a day and you may require something to help you pass the wait. What could be better than a light reading book for you and your partner to relax and wait for the baby’s arrival.
- Snacks to eat, another time passing technique is to have something light to eat with you. Things like muesli bars, biscuits, juices, fruits and other light stuff that keep your energy levels up and can also be easily packed in your bag.
- Spare change, Although there is no need for big cash in the hospital however you may require some change for buying newspaper, extra food or any small thing that may be needed.
During the delivery you would require
- Extra clothes, you may need a pair of slippers or warm socks, some extra t-shirts can come in handy for you and your partner, your partner may require board shorts and don’t forget to keep a plastic bag as it may be needed to keep soiled or wet clothes.
- Camera, to make moments memorable for ever don’t forget your camera and its charger.
- Necessary toiletries, these items include moisturizer, lip balm, hair band to tie your hair, face washes and spray bottle to make yourself comfortable and a heat pack of your own may also prove handy.
After the delivery you may require
- Means to spread the news, your phone book and mobile phone should be with you so that you can spread the good news to the entire world.
- Comfortable after clothes, you would definitely want to wear something that looks pretty when you expect visitors and go home but here comfort is the key. A tracksuit pant with a loose fitted t shirt is an ideal dress for breast feeding moms in the general recovery phase. You would also require a couple of nursing bras and yes lots of underwear.
- Some more toiletries, any thing that is usually packed when you go for a holiday will be useful in the hospital, also you would require a hair dryer to dry stitches along with disposable breast pads, sanitary pads and lots of tissues.
- Baby clothes, normally hospitals provide nappies, singlet and wraps for the baby but you would want to keep some things of your own such as jumpsuits and blankets for the baby.
There are some things that are normally forgotten when you leave for the hospital according to Australian College of Midwives associate professor Hannah Dahlen, they are
- Your personal pillow, the pillows provided in the hospital are not very uncomfortable and having one of your own can help a lot in feeling comfortable.
- Eye cover to block the bright surroundings of the hospital at all time.
- Preferred tea or coffee brand to keep you fresh, many people do not accept the taste of foods and drinks available in the hospital.
Another word of advice is to have your hospital bag ready and packed fully by the 36th week of pregnancy as delaying it could mean going to the hospital without it. In such cases often an attended is sent home in a hurry to bring all the stuff and he returns with a bag full of wrong things. Often men find it hard to find things at urgent times so do not take a risk get the bag ready in time. So start getting ready when you notice some pregnancy symptoms and confirmed that you’re already pregnant!
Having kids is an enjoyable experience and only those can understand who have the experience of having them, The feeling of the mother is unexplainable when she first finds out she has conceived and is about to have a baby. The moment she realizes this feelings she begins to think how her baby would look like, how she will love her, what she would call him or her and decide on how to plan the nursery and what to place in it and a whole lot of other things. However the main thing to be known before all these things is how she is going to go through the period of her pregnancy. She should be aware of how to lead a safe and healthy pregnancy term and how to deliver a healthy baby. It is suggested by doctors that a pregnant woman should be aware of the symptoms of a healthy pregnancy on a week to week basis. Knowing what difficulties can be faced during pregnancies and what and what not to expect in the term helps the new mother in understanding the complications and coping with them.
Before you check on the weekly symptoms of pregnancy it is necessary to be aware at what point or week exactly your pregnancy is at present. Usually doctors or midwives calculate almost two weeks ahead of your pregnancy as they count weeks of pregnancy from the last menstrual cycle whereas the ovulation process starts from two weeks later of the previous cycle date. So an easy way to assess your pregnancy stage is to deduct two weeks from that of the doctors estimated week given to you. For example if your doctor suggests you are at the 12th week of pregnancy it means you are probably at the 10th week.
Pregnancy is divided in three trimesters, the first one ranges from the first to the twelfth week, whereas the thirteenth to twenty seventh weeks is included in the second trimester, the third trimester is the final and includes the twenty-eighth week to the delivery of the baby. Here further discussed are the symptoms on weekly basis.
First Trimester Symptoms (Week 1 – 12)
This is the most crucial trimester as this is the point of conceiving and the embryo is developing. At this stage the mother’s activities have a very deep impact on her baby as everything she eats or drinks will have its effects on the baby. Also the behavior of the mother, mental and physical, will have its effects on the baby, so the mother is advised to be very careful at this stage. Any carelessness at this stage can cause serious results in form of damage to the baby’s brain or growth or it could also result in miscarriages. It is advised that in this period the mother should avoid alcohol, smoking or consuming coffee as the rich amounts of caffeine will effect the growth of the embryo.
Pregnancy Symptoms From Week 1 To 4
Many women are not aware of being pregnant at this point and no pregnancy related symptoms appear at this stage. Only some women may experience spotting which is due to the thick blood on the uterine walls which is present as the body prepares for pregnancy. The body at this stage does not respond to the pregnancy however the uterus and hormones get active and start developing changes.
Pregnancy Symptoms in Week 5
Normally this is the stage when a woman realizes that she has missed a menstrual cycle and a pregnancy test at this point would pretty much show clear signs of pregnancy. The body too starts to react to the pregnancy at this point as by now the baby’s circulatory system is being formed and your baby’s blood vessels are forming in the developing placenta. Mostly women discover there pregnancy in there fifth to seventh week and symptoms at this point include
- Morning sickness which can commonly occur at any point during the day.
- Increased smell sensitivity due to change in hormone can often lead a women to throw up on certain smells.
- Feeling fatigued due to no reason.
- Repeated urination
- Feelings of tenderness or tingling in the breasts.
Pregnancy Week 6
Women going through pregnancy for the first time may notice no changes in physique at this point however in repeated pregnancy a slight change in waist line will be observed. Sensitivity to smell increases and so does vomiting and nausea.
Pregnancy Week 7
This week marks continuity of morning sickness, along with frequent break outs in the skin due to the changes occurring in the hormones. Appearance of acne and pimples are common and any use of facial creams of different types is discouraged as the chemical may affect the baby. Drinking lots of water may aid this situation to an extent. Also a slow weight gain process will start at this point.
Pregnancy Week 8
In this week heartburn, bloating and indigestion is considered common and normal too but if heartburn reaches to a point of losing appetite it is advised to consult a doctor. You should never buy any over the counter medicines during pregnancy and medical assistance should be sought at every level. It is suggested that prenatal consultation should be undergone at this point as tests are taken now. A slight change in weight and waistline began to appear at this stage.
Pregnancy Week 10
By now your old clothes would not fit and maternity clothes will be needed. Nausea begins to subside and will gradually ease off as the pregnancy progresses. The veins by now will become more prominent due to the increase of the blood flow especially around the areas of the breasts, legs and stomach.
Pregnancy Week 11
The uterus is felt by the doctor at this point and rises above the pelvic bone without prominent any change. Growth will not be evident in the woman as quick as in the baby and a pigmented line starting from the navel to the pubic hair known as the linea nigra will appear in this week.
Pregnancy Week 12
At this point many pregnant women may recover from morning sickness though not in all cases and wearing loose clothes is recommended so that carrying out day to day activity is possible with ease.
2nd Trimester Symptoms (Week 13 To 27)
By now morning sickness and nausea almost disappears and other symptoms and difficulties caused due to the increase in the baby’s weight is faced. This trimester is marked by the rapid growth of the baby and weight gain and stretch marks are some of the common worries.
Pregnancy Week 13
The feeling of being drained diminishes to an extent and nausea and urination also lessen at this point. Swelling, backaches and heartburn become apparent at this stage due to the growing size of the fetus inside the pregnant woman. Extra weight gain at this stage may result in balancing problems and carrying out day to day activities will get effected.
Pregnancy Week 14
In some cases a slight movement of the baby is felt at this stage as the uterus moves upwards in preparation to accommodate the growing baby in it. By this week the waist line of a pregnant woman is definitely going to be thicker. Read more about 14 weeks of pregnancy here.
Pregnancy Week 15
The uterus at this stage is continuously expanding and a slight pulling feeling or cramps may be experienced sometimes. This is normally expected at this week as the ligaments in the abdomen stretch to provide room to the growing baby.
Pregnancy Week 16
By now a healthy mother would have gained 5 to 10 pounds. To ease the difficulties of pregnancy proper sleeping positions are suggested at this point. For example sleeping sideways will help in avoiding the blood vessels from blocking and a smooth supply of blood is regulated to the baby.
Pregnancy Week 17
Movements will be more prominent and the mother will experience dizzy and weak at this stage which due to lack of sugar in the body. Drinking juices and eating fresh fruits will considerably aid in guaranteeing safety of the mother and the baby.
Pregnancy Week 18
At this stage a white discharge from the vagina is experienced which is normal and will increase as the pregnancy progresses.
Pregnancy Week 19
At this point the breasts of a pregnant woman will get heavier and larger and the nipples will develop a darker color due to the preparation of the body for future breast feeding of the baby. Lighter clothes are advised at this stage as weight will be continuously growing.
Pregnancy Week 20
Movements of the baby get stronger as the bones are being developed from the cartilage of the baby which may be a bit painful but tolerable most of the time.
Pregnancy Week 21
Hormonal changes and increased blood flow can cause bleeding of the gums and swelling in the body but nausea and fatigue will vanish completely at this stage.
Pregnancy Week 22
Prolonged fatigue and standing may result in mild cramps in the feet and legs along with swelling on the ankle area and feet. Also in this week a faster heartbeat is experienced as the heart is working harder to pump blood for two humans.
Pregnancy Week 23
At this stage the belly is more rounded and stretch marks become evident. An itchiness will be experienced and it is avoid o apply lotion to avoid itchiness and stretch marks on the belly.
Pregnancy Week 24
Movement is more prominent but only to the mother and others will still not be able to feel the movement from the abdomen.
Pregnancy Week 25
Prenatal consultations should be regularly taken and further tests also are done to ensure a safe and healthy pregnancy as by now the mother may have gained almost 15 pounds of baby weight.
Pregnancy Week 26
At this point the circulation of blood improves and so does the metabolism and many women may feel their nails getting stronger at this point. Since the weight is continuously increasing and so is the size of the belly so backaches, cramps, pressure in the pelvic area and headaches are frequent in this week.
Pregnancy Week 27
In this week the baby is rapidly growing and it is due to the increased size and weight of the baby, the mother may feel difficulty in breathing as the uterus may be suppressing the diaphragm. This is a normal occurrence too and can be eased using proper sleeping positions and posture.
3rd Trimester Symptoms (Week 28 To 40)
The final trimester will bring major pregnancy symptoms week through week, such as swollen hands and legs, hemorrhoids and varicose veins. A healthy diet and proper exercise should be maintained at this stage to ensure a safe and sound pregnancy and delivery. This will help significantly in the delivery and classes are also available to prepare the mother for delivery.
Pregnancy Week 28
The ending weeks of the pregnancy are more testing as frequent visits to the doctor will be needed as the baby is growing fast. Also due to increased space taken by the baby urination will occur frequently which is a good exercise to prevent Urinary Tract Infections.
Pregnancy Week 29
An increase of 20 pounds by now should be gained by the mother and sleeping now gets a bit difficult due to the increased size of the tummy. Also Anxiety is faced commonly at this stage which can be relieved by using anxiety relieving exercises.
Pregnancy Week 30
In this week the mother will suffer from varicose veins as the small veins that bring back blood to the heart are facing difficulties. Pregnant woman may face difficulties in normal movements at this stage.
Pregnancy Week 31
This week is distinguished with carpal tunnel syndrome in some cases and results in tingling and numbness of hands which is quite normal and will disappear after delivery. It is nothing to be alarmed about.
Pregnancy Week 32
The body is now preparing itself for the nearing delivery time. Pregnant women at this stage experience Braxton Hicks contractions refer to occasional contractions of uterus for the purpose of preparing the body for giving birth to the baby. These contractions are usually pain free.
Pregnancy Week 33
As by now the uterus is lowering in the body in preparation of giving birth, body aches are more frequent and extreme at this point. The lowering of the uterus is to aid the baby in leaving the womb at the time of delivery. Sleeping in a relaxed position may aid this problem a lot.
Pregnancy Week 34
This week marks the end of the 8th month of pregnancy and by now the pains will travel to the hips area causing frequent problems. Due to the increasing weight that the woman carries suffering from back pains is also common. Proper care and staying cautious is the key to ease this difficulty.
Pregnancy Week 35
The baby now moves further downwards to the pelvis of the mother and prepares for the delivery, since the weight is shifted down ease in breathing is felt as the diaphragm is freed from the pressure but urination may still occur frequently as the bladder is still pressed and under pressure.
Pregnancy Week 36
Fluctuations in the energy levels of the mother will be experienced as fatigue and moments of energy will be interchangeably experienced. They should be wisely used to practice a safe delivery.
Pregnancy Week 37
If you feel a sudden gush of fluid running down from the genitalia be cautious and check it. It could look like amniotic fluid which sometimes may be the urine and should be nothing alarming but at this stage you should always stay alert and check to be safe.
Pregnancy Week 38
At this stage it is important to keep an eye out for labor signs. Bloody show, digestive disturbances such as diarrhea or nausea at he onset of labor, abdominal pains and more frequent and severe contractions. As the delivery nears it is possible to notice mucus clot which plugs the cervix blocking the uterus from bacteria entering it and this plug discharges before delivery, in some cases hours or in others even days before delivery. Whatever the case may be this indicates that the delivery is expected anytime.
Pregnancy Week 39
As the delivery nears Braxton Hicks, contractions become more frequent. It is quite uncomfortable and sometimes develops a pattern that gets more painful as delivery time approaches. If these contractions become long and more painful this is usually an indication of starting of labor pain and calling a doctor is advised at this point.
Pregnancy Week 40
This is the final week of the pregnancy and labor is expected any time. The baby is ready to come out and pain at this point gets severe by every passing day. A total of about 25 to 35 pounds in excess of original weight is present at this point and pregnancy is just about over now.